How to Register an LLC in Maine: A Step-by-Step Guide

Maine offers a conducive environment for starting an LLC due to its straightforward registration process, competitive tax incentives, and a supportive ecosystem for small businesses. If you’re ready to launch your LLC in Maine, you’ve come to the right place. This guide has everything you need to know to register an LLC in Maine. 

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Maine LLC Quick Facts 

  • To register an LLC in Maine, you must file a Certificate of Formation.
  • The filing fee to start an LLC in Maine is $175.
  • All LLCs in Maine are required to submit an annual report. 
  • To maintain your Maine LLC, you must pay an annual report fee of $85.

6 Steps to Forming an LLC in Maine

Registering an LLC in Maine is easy, just follow these steps. 

To register an LLC in Maine, follow these six steps:

  1. Name Your Maine LLC
  2. Appoint a Registered Agent
  3. File a Certificate of Formation 
  4. Create an Operating Agreement
  5. Obtain an EIN and Manage Tax Obligations
  6. Complete the Beneficial Ownership Information Report

Step 1: Name Your Maine LLC 

The first step toward registering your LLC is to choose a name. 

To name an LLC in Maine, you need to follow a few basic rules: 

  • The name should include the words Limited Liability Company, LLC, or Limited Company.
  • It must be unique and different from any other business entity registered in the state.
  • Prohibited terms include those that suggest government affiliation or misrepresent the nature of your business.

For a complete list of naming requirements for Maine LLCs, refer to the state’s statutes regarding limited liability company names. 

To check if your chosen name is available, conduct a corporate name search on the Maine Secretary of State website

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Step 2: Appoint a Registered Agent

To register an LLC in Maine, you must designate a registered agent. The registered agent is responsible for receiving important information and documents on behalf of your company, such as tax forms or notice of lawsuits.

A registered agent must: 

  • Be a business or full-time resident of Maine with a physical address. 
  • Not be the LLC itself but can be an LLC owner or employee.
  • Be present at the provided address during normal business hours 

Who is Eligible to Serve as a Registered Agent in Maine?

In Maine, a registered agent can be designated by the LLC owner, an employee of the company, a friend, a family member, or a registered agent service. It is important to have a registered agent who can receive legal documents on behalf of the LLC. Registering an LLC in Maine requires selecting a registered agent who meets the eligibility criteria mentioned above.

Step 3: File a Certificate of Formation

To register an LLC in Maine, you need to file a Certificate of Formation with the Secretary of State. This can be completed by submitting Form MLLC-6: Certificate of Formation by mail.

The filing fee is $175

It is advisable to have the following information prepared before submitting your Articles of Organization:

  • Your LLC name 
  • The filing date 
  • LLC designation (low-profit or professional, if applicable)
  • Type of registered agent (commercial or non-commercial) 
  • Name, address, and CRA (if applicable) of registered agent 
  • Contact information for a copy of the filing 

Quick Note: If you have already established your LLC in another state, you will need to file as a foreign LLC. To do so, you will need to file a Statement of Foreign Qualification to Conduct Activities by mail along with a $250 filing fee.

Step 4: Create an Operating Agreement

You are required to create an operating agreement when registering an LLC in Maine. This document outlines the internal procedures and ownership details of your company, ensuring that all LLC members are aligned and helping to prevent potential conflicts in the future. 

Make sure to carefully draft and finalize your operating agreement to ensure the smooth operation of your business and comply with state requirements. 

Step 5: Obtain an EIN and Manage Tax Obligations

After successfully completing the previous steps to register your LLC in Maine, it is essential to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) for tax reporting purposes. This number is crucial for taxes, hiring employees, and opening a business bank account. 

You can obtain your EIN for free through the IRS website

In addition, as a business owner in Maine, it is important to manage your tax obligations promptly. Make sure to identify any additional tax requirements for your LLC by visiting the Maine Revenue Services website

Step 6: Complete the Beneficial Ownership Information Report

To register an LLC in Maine, it is important to complete the Beneficial Ownership Information (BOI) Report. 

LLCs are required to file a BOI Report with the US Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). New LLCs must file this report within 90 days of formation. Existing LLCs must complete the filing between January 1st, 2024, and January 1st, 2025 to avoid a fine of $500 per day for non-compliance.

The report can be filed online for free on the FinCEN website.

Next Steps 

  • Open a business bank account to separate personal and business finances. This will help protect your personal assets. With Lili, you can sign up for a bank account in minutes. 
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  • Obtain any necessary licenses and permits required by the state of Maine. Check the state’s official website for information on specific licenses and permits your LLC may need to operate legally.
  • File an annual report with the Secretary of State and pay the applicable fees to maintain your LLC’s good standing. 
  • Purchase essential business insurance to protect your LLC from potential risks and liabilities. General liability, workers’ compensation, and personal liability insurance are recommended starting points. Next Insurance makes finding business insurance fast and affordable. 
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Additional Tips for Success 

  • Build a strong network: Finding other entrepreneurs, mentors, advisors, and leaders in your industry can open new opportunities and provide support throughout your business’s lifecycle.
  • Keep track of your compliance requirements: Maine has specific reporting and compliance requirements for LLCs that you must adhere to in order to stay in good standing with the state.
  • Plan for the future: Map out the goals and ambitions of your company to ensure you’re hitting important milestones and setting your business up for success. 


In conclusion, registering an LLC in Maine is a straightforward process that can be completed in a few simple steps. By following the necessary guidelines set forth by the state, you can ensure that your business is legally established and ready to operate. Take the time to research the requirements and gather all the necessary documentation before starting the registration process. By completing each step carefully and accurately, you can set your LLC up for success in the state of Maine.